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DECA-C™

The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment Clinical Form

Paul A. LeBuffe, M.A. , Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D.


DECA-C™

Overview

Overview

The DECA-C was designed to support early intervention efforts to reduce and/or eliminate significant emotional and behavioral concerns in preschoolers, between the ages of 2 and 6. The DECA-C provides a wealth of information with only 62 items. This tool takes 15 minutes for a teacher or parent to complete.

Key Areas Measured


Key Areas Measured

Protective Factor Scales

  • Initiative
  • Self-Control
  • Attachment

Behavioral Concerns Scales

  • Attention Problems
  • Aggression
  • Withdrawal/Depression
  • Emotional Control Problems

Quick Reference

Age

Age

2 to 6

Administration Type

Administration Type

Parent
Teacher

Administration Time

Administration Time

15 Minutes

Number of Items

Number of Items

62

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

C

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

Quick Reference

Age

Age

2 to 6

Administration Type

Administration Type

Parent
Teacher

Administration Time

Administration Time

15 Minutes

Number of Items

Number of Items

62

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

C

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

How To Use

How To Use

Reliability and Validity

Reliability and Validity

Normative Data

Normative Data

The DECA-C provides a wealth of information with only 62 items. This tool takes 15 minutes for a teacher or parent to complete. Scoring is made simple by a user-friendly record form that provides results in both graph and written form.

DECA-C includes three Protective Factor Scales (Initiative, Self-control, and Attachment), in addition to four Behavioral Concerns Scales (Attention Problems, Aggression, Withdrawal/ Depression, Emotional Control Problems). The DECA-C can be completed by both teachers and parents, but must be interpreted by a behavioral healthcare or special education professional.

Reliability

Studies indicate that the DECA-C is a reliable instrument for assessing preschool children's behavioral concerns. The internal reliability estimates for each scale were calculated separately for each rater (parent or teacher). For parents, the alpha coefficients range from a low of .66 on Withdrawal/ Depression to a high of .78 on Emotional Control Problems, with a median of .76. For teachers, the alpha coefficients range from a low of .80 on Withdrawal/Depression to a high of .90 on Attention Problems, with a median of .88. The teacher alpha coefficients all meet or exceed the standard suggested by Bracken (1987).

Criterion Validity

The criterion validity of the DECA-C was established by examining its ability to correctly predict whether an individual child was part of a clinical or community (i.e., non-referred) sample. The two groups were matched on salient demographic characteristics. On each scale, the Clinical group mean score was at least five T-score points higher than the mean of the Community group. For each scale, the Clinical group received a significantly higher mean score than the Community (all p values < .01). Discriminant analysis using the Total Behavioral Concerns Scale resulted in 74% classification accuracy.

The standardization sample for the Behavioral Concerns Scale consisted of 1,108 preschool children, aged 2 years 0 months through 5 years 11 months 30 days, who were rated on the DECA-C. These children were rated by parents (n=541) or teachers (n=567). The sample approximated the population of preschoolers in the United States with respect to race, ethnicity, region of residence, and family income. The socioeconomic status of the standardization sample was assessed by determining the number of children receiving either subsidized daycare or public assistance.

Pricing
Online

Online

Assess easily online from anywhere. Includes automatic scoring and report generation.

Software

Software

Requires software. Includes automatic scoring and report generation.

Handscored

Handscored

QuikScore forms are scored by hand without reports.

Starter Kits
Certification

Starter Kits

Simulations
Certification

Simulations

Kits

DECA-C Complete Kit

DECA-C Complete Kit

Handscored
CA: $179.00

Forms

DECA-C Record Forms

DECA-C Record Forms

Handscored
CA: $71.00
(Sold in packs of 30)

Ortiz PVAT Licenses

Ortiz PVAT Licenses

Online Scoring

Online Scoring

Supplementary Materials

Supplementary Materials

Other Materials

Other Materials

DECA-C Norms Reference Card

DECA-C Norms Reference Card

Default Title
CA:
$8.00

DECA-C Manual

DECA-C Manual

Default Title
CA:
$65.00