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MTOA™

Memory Test for Older Adults

Anita M. Hubley, Ph.D. , Tom N. Tombaugh, Ph.D.

Assess verbal and visuospatial learning and memory in older adults ages 55 to 84 years


MTOA™

Overview

Overview

The MTOA assessment is specifically designed to assess verbal and visuospatial learning and memory in older adults ages 55 to 84 years

  • Can be used in mental health and primary care settings to assess a patient's degree and type of memory impairment (e.g. genuine memory loss vs. retrieval failure)
  • Is a tool for diagnosis, placement, intervention planning, or as an indicator of change during treatment
  • Easy to administer and handscore
  • uses tasks that are well-established in the assessment of verbal and visuospatial learning and memory
  • Muses word lists and geometric figures
  • Learning and retention tasks are specifically designed to identify impaired performance without producing floor effects and without unnecessarily fatiguing the respondent
  • there is a long version and short version as well as two levels of tasks available

Key Areas Measured


Key Areas Measured

  • Recall
  • Recognition

Quick Reference

Age

Age

55 to 84

Administration Type

Administration Type

Self

Administration Time

Administration Time

30 to 45 Minutes

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

C

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

Quick Reference

Age

Age

55 to 84

Administration Type

Administration Type

Self

Administration Time

Administration Time

30 to 45 Minutes

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

C

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

Components

Components

Reliability and Validity

Reliability and Validity

Normative Data

Normative Data

Memory Test for Older Adults: Long (MTOA:L)

The long version was intended to serve as a diagnostic tool. It differentiates between cognitively intact and impaired individuals without creating a stressful situation for the individual being tested.

Memory Test for Older Adults: Short (MTOA:S)

The short version should be used with those who have already been diagnosed as suffering from some type of memory impairment. It is easier than the MTOA:L with a shorter word list and simpler geometric design. It is used to assess the degree of learning and/or memory impairment to determine a baseline of performance prior to a clinical trial or medical intervention, or to assist in planning interventions.

Scientific Validation

Evidence for the validity of test score interpretation is provided through examination of:

  • The factor structure of MTOA:L and MTOA:S
  • Expected patterns of performance with cognitively intact individuals
  • Expected patterns of performance with selected clinical samples

The MTOA Technical Manual presents the psychometric data upon which MTOA is based, and offers nine case studies as representative examples of the instrument’s applicability in clinical settings. Psychometric properties and demographic information are provided in detail within several chapters dedicated to reliability and validity.

The normative sample for the MTOA included men and women between the ages of 55 and 84.