TOWL-4

Test of Written Language-Fourth Edition

Donald D. Hammill, Ed.D., Stephen C. Larsen

A comprehensive diagnostic test of written expression


TOWL-4

Overview

Overview

The TOWL-4 is a norm-referenced, comprehensive diagnostic test of written expression used to identify students who write poorly and need special help.

Key Features:

  • Determine students' particular strengths and weaknesses in their writing abilities
  • Document students' progress in special writing programs
  • Measure writing in research
  • Written language test can be used with children and youth ranging in age from 9 to 17 years

Key Areas Measured


Key Areas Measured

  • Vocabulary
  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Logical Sentences
  • Sentence Combining
  • Contextual Conventions
  • Story Composition

Quick Reference

Age

Age

9 to 17

Administration Type

Administration Type

Professional

Group

Administration Time

Administration Time

60 to 90 Minutes

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

B

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

Quick Reference

Age

Age

9 to 17

Administration Type

Administration Type

Professional

Group

Administration Time

Administration Time

60 to 90 Minutes

Qualification Level

Qualification Level

B

Format(s)

Format(s)

Handscored

How To Use

How To Use

Normative Data

Normative Data

The TOWL-4 can be administered to either an individual or a group and takes between 60 to 90 minutes to complete.

The TOWL-4 includes two forms (i.e., Form A and Form B), each of which contains seven subtests. The subtests represent the conventional, linguistic, and conceptual aspects of writing. Subtests 1 to 5 use contrived formats; subtests 6 to 7 use a spontaneously written story to assess important aspects of language.

The test has three composite scores—Overall Writing, Contrived Writing and Spontaneous Writing. Overall Writing estimates students’ writing ability when measured by subtests that use both spontaneous and contrived formats. The results of all seven subtests are combined to form this composite. Contrived Writing estimates students’ writing ability when measured by subtests that are contrived formats. The results of five subtests are combined to form this composite. Spontaneous Writing estimates students’ writing ability when measured by subtests that are scored by evaluating their spontaneously composed essays. The results of two subtests are combined to form this composite.

The normative data for TOWL-4 was collected between 2006 and 2007. The test was normed on 2,505 individuals from 18 states whose demographic characteristics approximate those of the U.S. population in 2005. The sample was stratified by age and grade.

Pricing
Online

Online

Assess easily online from anywhere. Includes automatic scoring and report generation.

Software

Software

Requires software. Includes automatic scoring and report generation.

Handscored

Handscored

QuikScore forms are scored by hand without reports.

Starter Kits
Certification

Starter Kits

Simulations
Certification

Simulations

Kits

TOWL-4 Kit

Examiner's Manual, 3 Large Colored Picture Cards, 50 Record/Story Scoring Forms, 25 Student Response Booklets, Form A, 25 Student Response Booklets, Form B, and Supplemental Practice Scoring Booklet

Handscored
CA: $345.00

Forms

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet B

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet B

Handscored
CA: $75.00
(Sold in packs of 25)

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet A

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet A

Handscored
CA: $75.00
(Sold in packs of 25)

TOWL-4 Profile/Story Scoring Forms

TOWL-4 Profile/Story Scoring Forms

Handscored
CA: $70.00
(Sold in packs of 50)

TWF-3 Primary Examiner Record Booklets

TWF-3 Primary Examiner Record Booklets

Handscored
CA: $34.00
(Sold in packs of 10)

TWF-3 Intermediate Examiner Record Booklets

TWF-3 Intermediate Examiner Record Booklets

Handscored
CA: $34.00
(Sold in packs of 10)

Ortiz PVAT Licenses

Ortiz PVAT Licenses

Online Scoring

Online Scoring

Supplementary Materials

Supplementary Materials

Other Materials

Other Materials

TOWL-4 Picture Cards

TOWL-4 Picture Cards

Default Title
CA:
$34.00

TOWL-4 Manual

TOWL-4 Manual

Default Title
CA:
$106.00